As professional pest control technicians providing expert mouse and rat control services in London, ON, we know firsthand the number of mice, rodents, and rats that can be found throughout Southwestern Ontario. It can sometimes be difficult to identify a common house mouse. In this blog, we share some information about house mice and how you can identify one in your own home.
What Is A House Mouse?
A house mouse (Mus musculus) is a rodent. It is nocturnal and is thus most active between sunset and sunrise. Seeing mice during the day could indicate a large infestation.
The house mouse is native to Asia and may have originated in northern India. It is believed to have spread to the eastern Mediterranean area by 13,000 BC. Early on, the house mouse attached itself to human settlements in order to take advantage of the grain stores and other available food. Initially, this slowed the house mouse’s spread; they did not reach the rest of Europe until around 1,000 BC. Today, the house mouse can be found virtually all over the world.
What Does a House Mouse Look Like?
Adult house mice can be 20 cm (7.9 inches) long from nose to tail tip, and they can weigh between 12 and 30 grams (0.42 and 1.06 ounces). Their short fur can range in colour from light gray or brown to black. The fur on their undersides is lighter than the fur on their backs or sides.
Are House Mice Dangerous?
While house mice aren’t aggressive and generally don’t bite people, they are hard to control – if not using the right pest control products and methods. They are also destructive, for they like to gnaw and can chew through wood, insulation, wires, and upholstery. A severe mouse infestation can actually cause structural damage to your house, apartment, or office.
The house mouse is a prolific breeder. A single female can have as many as eight litters per year, with an average of six pups in each litter. That means she can have nearly 50 babies in one year. Those babies are sexually mature by the time they are five weeks old