Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus) are native to Europe and were first brought to the United States by British ships in the 1770s. They are common throughout Southwestern Ontario and are a common nuisance to homeowners in and around London, Ontario. Here’s a look at everything you need to know about identifying and getting rid of Norway rats in your home.
What Do Norway Rats look like?
Norway rats are large rodents that can weigh over 500 grams (1.1 pounds). They can be 40 cm (15.8 inches) long, with not quite half of that length being their tail. Their shaggy fur is gray or brown, and their ears and tails are scaly.
Habitat, Diet and Behavior of Norway Rats
While Norway rats are believed to have originated in temperate forests, they are extremely adaptable and can now be found in cities throughout North America. They live in communities with dominant and subordinate members.
Norway rats always live near a water source, and they usually live in underground burrows. They can also be found in sewers, attics, basements, woodpiles, and other places where they can hide during the day.
Norway rats are omnivores. They can catch fish and smaller rodents, and they will also eat carrion, fruits, nuts, and grain.
What Are the Signs of a Norway Rat Infestation in Your Home?
One of the best-known signs of rat infestation is their droppings. Norway rat droppings are oval and can be 1.8 to 2.0 cm (0.7 to 0.8 inches) long.
Norway rats like gnaw and will thus leave t